Microsoft Dynamics™ NAV Architecture

Product and Architecture Overview

architecture

Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2016

The Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 architecture comprises three core components as well as various additional tools and components. Use Microsoft Dynamics NAV Set-up to install all components.

The Microsoft Dynamics NAV Three-Tier Architecture
  • For every deployment of Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 you must install the core components, which are the three tiers that make up the Microsoft Dynamics NAV architecture.
  • The Role Tailored client is the CLIENT TIER, which includes a Microsoft Dynamics NAV Windows client and a Microsoft Dynamics NAV Web client.
  • In addition to the Role Tailored client, Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 also supports additional client types, including web service clients, a SharePoint client through Microsoft Dynamics NAV Portal Framework, and a NAS services client for programmatic access. For details on the various client types, see Client Types.
  • Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server is the middle or SERVER TIER, managing all business logic and communication.
  • SQL Server, augmented by Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 database components, is the DATA TIER.
Important:

When you install Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013, all components must be from the same version and build of Microsoft Dynamics NAV for the software to run correctly.

You can have multiple instances of any of the core components in a production environment. The following diagram shows a simple installation with two Microsoft Dynamics NAV Windows clients and a Microsoft Dynamics NAV Web client connecting to a single Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server computer, which in turn connects to a computer with SQL Server and the Microsoft Dynamics NAV database components.

nav-architecture

Some Common Configurations Are:

All three components on the same computer. This is the configuration for a demo install, and is also typical for a development environment, so that a developer can work on Microsoft Dynamics NAV applications without worrying about network connections and inter-component security. See Walkthrough: Installing the Demo Version

RoleTailored client and Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server on the same computer, data tier on a separate computer. This scenario is described in Walkthrough: Installing the Three Tiers On Two Computers.

Each of the three tiers on a separate computer. This scenario is described in Walkthrough: Installing the Three Tiers on Three Computers.

Additional Components

In addition to the three core components, there are additional components that enhance or supplement the core components.

ComponentPurpose
Microsoft Dynamics NAV Help Server A website with the Help content for Microsoft Dynamics NAV in the languages that your version of Microsoft Dynamics NAV includes. You can deploy a single Help Server for all users, or customer-specific Help Servers, depending on your requirements.
Web Server Components. See How to: Install the Web Server Components.
The components that are needed to enable Microsoft Dynamics NAV Web clients to connect with a browser.
Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server Administration Tool A tool for configuring and managing Microsoft Dynamics NAV Server and Microsoft Dynamics NAV sites.
Development Environment (C/SIDE) The Development Environment for creating and modifying Microsoft Dynamics NAV applications in C/AL.
Microsoft Office Outlook Add-In A component for synchronizing data, such as to-dos, contacts, and tasks, between Microsoft Dynamics NAV and Outlook.
Automated Data Capture System A Microsoft Dynamics NAV tool for accurately capturing data for inbound, outbound, and internal documents, primarily in connection with warehouse activities. With ADCS, company employees use handheld devices and radio frequency technology to continuously validate warehouse inventories.
ClickOnce Installer Tools. See: Deploying Microsoft Dynamics NAV Using ClickOnce. A set of tools designed to create ClickOnce deployments for applications for the Microsoft Dynamics NAV Windows client.
Read More at the 'MSDN' Site.